I am constantly trying to push my students – and to see them push themselves – to work to incorporate our ‘new learning’ into their conversations. No matter how comprehensible your input is, no matter how perfectly your task may sync up with the input, no matter how supported your output goals are there is still an issue for many students: How do you get them to remember to, to want to, to try to use the ‘new stuff’ in their oral interactions? Although we may like to think that our teaching ‘style’ and choices will naturally lead to new output sometimes it doesn’t. So I needed a way to encourage kids to see/find a way to make their learning part of their speaking. In prepping for an oral evaluation I stumbled on what I call “Say and Pay”.
The concept is easy enough to put into use. First our class brainstormed the types of things that we might want to see used in our oral task – what ‘old and new’ items fit with what we are doing. Then I took my bag of 100yen coins (tokens or pieces of paper would work as well) and gave each pair 12 or so. Prior to our first conversation round I looked at our class-generated list and picked off 4 items that I wanted them to try to work into their conversation. They each took 4 coins and I told them that when they chose to use that specific item – they were to put their coin on the table. And then they started talking. At the end of the round (3-4 minutes) I asked the class “Who has used at least 1/2 their coins?”. Everyone put their hand up – and that’s as far as I went in seeking a public response. Then it was off to the next partner – this time with 5 items on our list. And so on. Although we kept rotating partners, I didn’t go beyond a total of 6 items – instead changing up the ‘what’ we were looking for instead of ‘how many’. It was easy to see – as I circulated – who was not using their coins – and an opportunity for me to provide some specific encouragement/support.
As one student told me – “I love to talk with my partner but this helped me remember to try to ‘level up’ what I was saying.”
It’s targeted – yes. It’s specific – yes. And for many of my students it helped them to try to work the ‘new stuff’ in. I’ll use it again.
February 24, 2016 at 1:04 pm
I love this!! What are some examples of items on your list? Like, a generic detail, or a specific detail like a time or an activity? I’m thinking with my baby novices it would be good to be as specific as “mentioning a time” “using an activity word” “saying where it happens”?
February 24, 2016 at 1:41 pm
Yes – our ‘list’ is exactly like what you are thinking. We generated a ‘general’ list things we had been working on saying that included things like ‘an opinion’ ‘a detailed description (more than 2 describing words’, a ‘habit’, an ‘action after that another’…not prescriptive from the ‘you must use this’ way. I prefer this ‘bank of possibilities’ to a list of specifics. Interestingly we had a brief follow-up today of practice and I asked the kids to take coins if they thought it would help – about 1/3 did.